Autoimmune thyroid disorder common in India: Study

The age group of 31-45 years had the highest proportion of such cases (18%). Zone-wise, people from North India showed to be having the highest percentage of positive thyroid autoantibodies with normal routine thyroid tests

SRL Diagnostics, Thyroid, Thyroid disorders, Study, Hormones

It is estimated that about 200 million people suffer from thyroid disorders worldwide. A new report basis a data survey conducted by SRL Diagnostics, the most doctor preferred lab in India, revealed that women suffer more from thyroid related disorders than men do. Furthermore, the analysis focused on another aspect of thyroid disorders, the autoimmune thyroiditis, wherein one’s own body acts against one’s thyroid. In the overall population, around 20% women tested positive on thyroid autoantibodies as compared with men, at 15%.  The report also highlighted that 11-13% of adults in our country are afflicted by thyroid disorders. However what was interesting that, 19% of the population who were normal on routine thyroid tests (TSH, Free T4) were found to be positive for thyroid autoantibodies. The age group of 31-45 years had the highest proportion of such cases (18%). Zone-wise, people from North India showed to be having the highest percentage of positive thyroid autoantibodies with normal routine thyroid tests.

Thyroid disorders affect the thyroid gland, a butterfly-shaped organ in the front of the neck below Adam’s apple. Hormones, which are stored and produced in the thyroid gland, affect the functioning of the various organs in the body. These hormones regulate body’s metabolic rate as well as cardiac and digestive functions, brain development, muscle control, bone maintenance and even one’s mood.

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